Located just 30 minutes north of Whistler and nestled at the foot of stunning Mount Currie (peak elevation 8000 feet) sits the Village of Pemberton. The Village of Pemberton was incorporated in 1956, and encompasses an area of approximately six square kilometres. The Village of Pemberton itself provides services for many of the outlying communities such as Mt. Currie, Poole Creek, Birken, Devine and D’arcy as well as the First Nation’s community’s of Lil’wat, N’Quatqua, & Skatin.
The first settlers of the Pemberton Valley were the First Nations peoples of the Interior Salish tribe of which most now reside mostly in the community of Mount Currie (also known as the Lil’wat Nation) which is Pemberton’s closest neighbouring community.
Pemberton was named after Joseph Despard Pemberton who was a Surveyor General for the Hudson’s Bay Company during the 1850’s. The original location of Pemberton was on the north end of Lillooet Lake where the Birkenhead and Lillooet River’s enter the lake. It was called Port Pemberton and it was here that passengers heading north to Lillooet and beyond during the Gold rush would disembark steamships. Eventually a new route to the gold fields was opened through the Fraser Canyon, Port Pemberton died away and farmers relocated to the more fertile land in the upper Lillooet River Valley.
In 1914 the railway was introduced through Pemberton and the area became more accessible to new settlers and increased trade. Pemberton was serviced largely by the railway until 1975 when the highway between Whistler and Pemberton was completed. Eventually the highway between Pemberton and Lillooet was also paved in the later 1980’s.
Pemberton’s economy throughout its history has been was fuelled mostly by forestry and agriculture. With the growing popularity of Whistler in the 1990’s Pemberton saw an increase in tourism and has become known as the “Gateway to the Backcountry” and is a popular destination for backcountry skiers, snowmobiler’s, mountain bikers, equestrians, hikers and more. In 2008 Pemberton was home to The Pemberton Festival, an annual music festival drawing music lovers from far and near. The inaugural Pemberton Festival in July of 2008 drew crowds in excess of 40,000 and put Pemberton Festival on the music map. Pemberton is hoping to welcome the festival back in 2011.
Agriculture remains as a strong industry in Pemberton appealing to both conventional and organic farmers alike with its warm summers, mild winters and extremely fertile soil. The Pemberton Valley is well known for its virus-free seed potatoes, and in 1967 became the first commercial seed potato area in the world to grow virus-free seed potatoes. There is a reason that Pemberton is affectionately referred to as “Spud Valley” by locals.
The Village of Pemberton has seen many changes in a short period of time. Agriculture and forestry are still important aspects of local economy, but tourism and its related services employ the highest percentages of residents and many Pemberton locals do work in Whistler. It’s a commute many are willing to make in order to call this beautiful town home.